Furniture Design – 10 Steps To Designing Furniture Like The Professionals

There is a definite increase in interest in furniture design. Perhaps its a reaction to the sameness of everyday mass produced furniture, or it could be a result of the recent economic fall out and a turning away from a throw away culture… whatever it is there is no denying the design and especially furniture design is back in vogue.

There is a real sense of achievement in building your own piece of furniture; taking it from first conception to finishing the build.

Furniture design, perhaps more than other design disciplines is an example of applied creativity. That is that in order for a design concept to function, it has to meet other criteria not least the laws of physics!

You might have a great idea for a piece but the the question is do you want to be one of those have a go heroes that start with a brilliant idea in their minds eye which never quite matches in actual execution… if it gets finished? Or do you want to give yourself every possible chance or realising your dream furniture design by following the process design professionals use.

Heres the Chippendale School of Furnitures 10 step process to realising your furniture design as executed for designing and building a desk facilitated during their woodworking course.

1.Rough Sketch: Draw rough proportions working out required depth, width and height. Getting the perspective right is key to this first stage.
2.Add Spatial Relations: Start with the bigger blocks of the piece and figure out the actual sizes of each.
3.Complete Dimensions: Work out the overall dimensions making sure that the area of each identified block matches up.
4.Choose design forms: Decide whether the desk is floor based or on a plinth and what height you prefer.
5.Configure spaces: Decide on the depth and distribution of the drawers e.g. on left or right, depth, different sizes from bottom to top.
6.How will you build it? Choose materials.. is it to be solid wood, are you using veneers, should there be decorative panels or do you want to introduce other skills into the design such as marquetry.
7.Decide on component relationships: Figure out the dimensions of the top and sides of the desk, how thick should the different pieces be?
8.Get into the details: Youll probably have worked these out way back at the first step but here is your chance to make sure that the details of your design vision will work in practice.
9.Colour and finish: explore possible colours, finishes and types of wood that will compliment your design
10.Choose accessories and hardware: find the perfect handles and hardware that will set off your design.


High Net Worth and High Valued Home Insurance

Those considered as -high net worth- individuals often require a higher level of insurance services to cover a wide range of personal property. Many valuable collections including jewelry, fine art, wine and antiques can all be covered, either as scheduled items, or with some type of blanket policy. Although these types of policies can be provided elsewhere, there are normally limits on how high the value of these items can be on other policies.

High net worth policies gives much needed protection for those high-valued homes and other properties. Many also offer concierge-style service with complimentary property valuations, appraisals and risk assessments. These should generally be done on an annual basis in order to assess any increase, or decrease, in the value of the items being insured.

Several options are available, including:

High-valued home insurance

Coverage for secondary residences

Private collections

Personal excess liability

Personal auto, and

Private staff

Policies are available to cover a wide range of exposures in and around the home. For example, those having a waterfront location or other unique exposures will need a policy that addresses those concerns. Insuring a vacation home or rental properties will require insurance that is tailored for those particular types of properties. Protecting collectibles is not recommended with the standard homeowners policies on the market because of the high value of these items.

Insuring expensive vehicles will also require some decisions as to what type of coverage and how much is needed. Driving a car only once or twice a month, as opposed to one driven everyday would require specialty collectors insurance as well. Some policies are written so that vehicles will be repaired with original manufacturer’s parts from the insured’s choice of repair shops. High deductible programs are also available.

If the home has domestic staff workers there is coverage available that will come in handy in the event someone is hurt while on the job, but also liability insurance to protect individuals against allegations of sexual harassment, wrongful termination and discrimination made by the domestic help.It is important to cover all domestic employees for work-related injuries, and get coverage to respond to any potential lawsuits.

For those owners of watercraft such as speedboats or yachts,many insurers provide protection for boats of all sizes, including super yachts that travel worldwide. There are also options available to protect the crew as well as the contents of the vessel.

With so many risks and exposures it is vial to protect so many assets with High Valued Home Insurance and other types of coverage for high net worth individuals.


Knowing A Bit More About Wholesale Real Estate Investing

Among the simplest ways to get in the real estate business is via wholesale real estate investing. It simply requires you to seek out a less expensive property for sale and look for a buyer who is willing to buy it immediately. This would grant you a quick profit the second the sale is done.

Whether you are considering wholesale real estate investing a business or perhaps just a temporary means to earn cash quick, take some time to get to know the strategy first. Understand that there are positive aspects as well as disadvantages in this method. It is essential that you are aware of all these so you can make a practical choice that you wouldn’t feel sorry about afterwards.

There are lots of advantages of wholesale real estate investing. It does not involve a great deal of money and it does not necessitate that you possess certificates or special degrees. Since wholesale lets you market properties right away, you can do it even with very little cash on hand.

This strategy is considered extremely low risk. There is not any threat in losing much money since the wholesaler doesn’t have to purchase the property. He creates an offer to buy it at a given price and when the seller agrees, he makes it under contract.

The wholesaler appears with the funds either by himself or from another party. In this case, if he’s got a readily available buyer then he doesn’t need to shell out cash. If ever the wholesaler ceases to come up with the cash at the agreed time, the contract will just be nullified. There aren’t any legal effects on that case.

In addition, wholesale doesn’t require you to reconstruct or maintain the property. You do not have management work to accomplish. Every deal is a one-time transaction that is fast and provides swift profit.

However, there are a few downsides you have to consider. The first one on your list is that if you’ve no ready buyers available, then you ought to hold on to the property much longer. That way, you lose a bit more profit.

It is also quite possible to purchase a property and then discover in the end that you need to spend more money on repairs, hence reducing your profit. That being said, it’s extremely important to check out the property very well prior to choosing to buy it.

Once you have weighed the benefits and drawbacks of wholesale real estate investing, the decision is yours to make. If or when you decide to embark on this kind of business venture, make sure you’re well prepared for everything that could happen. Do not forget, be a wise investor and gain profit rather than lose it.


Farm Property, Trusts & Llc Preserving Ohio Family Farms For Future Generations

Placing farm property in a trust-owned limited liability company (LLC) is often a key component of protecting a family farm against estate tax laws, creditors, law suits, nursing homes and other risks so it can continue to be enjoyed by future generations. Specifically, the LLC holding your farm property must be owned by an irrevocable trust.

If youre a farmer in Ohio, undoubtedly youve worked hard for the success of that farm and you want that hard work to benefit your family for many generations to come. Unfortunately, state and federal estate tax laws, debt obligations, nursing homes and other factors can put your farm at risk upon your death if proper succession planning is not in place.

While proper succession planning consists of many parts, an important part is often to create an irrevocable trust to own the LLC holding your Ohio or Dayton real estate. A lawyer can help you with this by drawing up the necessary legal documents that form the irrevocable trust, designate the beneficiaries, and describe what is to happen to the property and LLC upon your death.
Property in a Trust-Owned Limited Liability Company is Protected Against Most Debts and Lawsuits; Estate Taxes can be Minimized
By placing your farm property in a trust-owned LLC, the property becomes owned by the LLC, which is a legal entity just like a corporation, rather than being owned by you. Since you dont own it any more, the property is protected from many forms of debt and lawsuits. The irrevocable trust that owns the LLC adds another layer of protection and ensures that the LLC and property it holds is passed on to your chosen beneficiaries.

To more fully protect your Ohio or Dayton real estate, a lawyer with expertise in estate planning and business law can draft legal documents to create limited liability corporations, insurance trusts and other entities that work together to protect your farming business and personal assets for inheritance by your family.

Farm property in a trust-owned LLC can also avoid estate taxes. Estate tax law usually takes effect when property transfers to the beneficiaries. However, the legal documents for your irrevocable trust can specify that your beneficiaries can make use of the property while ownership is retained by the irrevocable trust and the LLC. Since the property is never transferred to the beneficiaries, estate tax laws never come into play.

Placing property in a trust-owned limited liability company is just one tool used to minimize estate taxes and other risks to your Ohio or Dayton real estate. A lawyer knowledgeable in succession planning and estate planning can show you additional ways to help you prepare a complete succession plan for your farm.


Estate Tax – The 2010 Step Up Basis Nightmare

The old saying is the best laid plans of mice and men so often seem to go wrong. When it comes to the government, this is a statement that is used the vast majority of the time since the bumbling of politicians creates some situations that are simply head shakers. This is exactly the case with the step up basis in estate tax for 2010.

This can get confusing, so let’s start off with the basics. The step up basis is simply the value of some asset at a date in time from which a gain is calculated. Let’s say I buy a share of Microsoft in 1990 [I wish!] and I sell it today. I would pay rather large capital gains taxes on the gain in value of that share of stock between 1990 and 2010.

The passing of an asset from a deceased person to their heirs triggers a bit of a different calculation. Let’s assume the same situation as above. Instead of selling the stock in 2010, I die after being attacked by a bear [might as well make it exciting] in 2002. At that point, my stock is transferred to my daughter per my written will. This transfer constitutes a taxable event. Historically, she would pay tax on the gain from the date of my death till she sold the item. The use of my date of death allows her to -step up- the value of the stock instead of pay taxes on all the gains since 1990.

The Bush tax cuts were designed to reduce a number of taxes, but they went a step farther with the estate tax. They were designed to phase it out. In fact, there is no estate tax in 2010. That is nice and all, but the problem is the step up basis for capital gains above is now gone for the year. Instead of paying capital gains on the increase in value from the date of my death, she will have to pay them on the gains from 1990. That is a huge difference and constitutes a massive amount of money going out of my family and to the government. What did the government do for this money? Nothing, I just died!

Is there anything one can do about this mess with the step up basis? Unfortunately, there is not. It is simply another example of the government creating a mess with the best of intentions.

Barry Milton writes about tax planning and other financial planning subjects for


Choosing your Manhattan Student Housing

If you are a college student new to the Manhattan area, finding a home may prove to be more difficult of a task than you ever imagined. Before most apartments or townhouses management companies will allow you to move in, a complete credit check, rental history and reference check must be performed to ensure you are a good fit, something that most college-age kids do not have. If that weren’t enough it can be a very time consuming process to get an approval, not to mention expensive! Luckily off campus student housing in Manhattanis available to students without all of the hassle, thanks to extended stay hotels.

Renting your Extended Stay Hotel

Whether you are a freshman entering the college doors for the first time or an intern ready to enter the field of your choice, an extended stay hotel provides you with all that you’ll need for comfortable, convenient living near school, attractions, finding and so much more. New York housing for students and interns available at extended stay hotels offers not only convenience in its location, but also in renting. There are no lengthy applications to complete. There are no credit checks. Simply pay a small despot and your fist month of rent and a beautiful, new home is yours.

Qualities of the best New York Housing for Students and Interns

Extended stay hotels are also called studio apartments. They are designed just for individuals like you; those who need a place to call home for a month or longer but want to avoid all of the hassles. But there are many different off campus student housing in Manhattan choices available in extended stay hotels, and choosing one that offers all that you expect is essential. So exactly what should you expect from an extended stay hotel?

Kitchen or Kitchenette with dishes, cooking utensils, pots and pans Convenient location to your college Wi-Fi Fully furnished apartments Professional staff Affordable prices No leases Take the time to carefully examine what the different extended stay hotels will offer should you choose them for your New York housing for students and interns. It is a small price to pay to get the things that you love. has three of the best off campus student housing in Manhattan choices available. All are located near colleges and universities; offer an exuberant amount of amenities, affordable prices and so much more. With, you can have more than your money’s worth in a delightful home all your own.


Traditional Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner And Architecture In Taiwan

Meal cult is an important part of countrys culture. Food and drink are the main necessities for sustaining life, and Taiwan cuisine takes a special place among the great cuisines of the world. Taiwan has a broad variety of dishes because of great ethnic diversity. The diversity of cuisines contains 8 principle types: Hoklo (or Taiwanese), Hakka, vegetarian cuisine, northern style cuisine, Hunan, Jiangzhe, Hong Kong, and Sichuan. Seafood is used in all these cuisines as a culinary culture of Taiwan that is simple and light.

In Taiwan people prefer to drink tea or coffee with some sandwiches for breakfast. They like fruits and sweets which are laid in a big plate on the table. For example, when the time for lunch comes, people eat salty dishes such as steamed and chopped chicken, steamed streaky pork with dry mustard cabbage, or dried mustard greens. Besides, they like rice with boiled eggs or fried potatoes with meat or fish. In Taiwan people have hundreds of receipts of dishes with rice and fish. Traditionally, Chinese dinner is laid at the round table in the center of which there is a flat circle on a revolving stand. It is necessary to point out that meals are served on big plates and are put in required amount on small plates by a person. At first cold snack is served, then time comes for hot dishes and only after these dishes the so called principle dishes are served.

In Taiwan people like to eat dishes with rice, meat and fish. In the end of dinner a soup or a broth is served. There is no dessert fruits and sweets are on the table during all the dinner and they are very often used in the principle dish (Bates 2005). Consequently, Taiwan cuisine represents one face by which a country is famous for. Traditional breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Taiwan are similar to breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Europe; however, there are some details you should know about Taiwan cuisine.

Taiwanese architecture is composed of variety of styles. The old traditional architectural model of houses in Taiwan still exists here. However, traditional architectural features of Taiwanese style become unimportant when entertaining and commercial institutions, such as shops and theaters, are built. We should emphasize that modern Taiwanese architecture unites traditional Taiwanese and European architecture styles. There appear buildings in European style, such as buildings of foreign consulates, foreign concessions, banks, hotels and clubs in big cities.


BIM Modeling- Adding Technical Advantages to Construction and Architecture

With the extensive advancements in technology, the process of construction and architecture have become more organized and streamlined. A highly precision and technology driven process, BIM modeling consists of steps for generating as well as managing digital blueprints of a building, irrespective, of its nature whether a factory, hotel, office or any other form of physical structure. The process of digitizing important data relevant to the construction of a building, aids decision-makers to make critical judgments and evaluations about modification across its lifespan including in habitation, operation, and demolition. It is now highly appreciated by architects, civil engineers, constructors and others occupied in construction of a building and infrastructure sector across the globe.

To carry out the entire project management in an effective manner, a BIM Manager or a VDC Project Manager takes control of the entire process. In projects, they work in co-ordination with Design Construction Team on behalf of the client. However, companies are also hiring BIMs at different stages of the project delivery and handling. Thus, the intensive level of dynamism and ease of customization provided by converting these important data into a suitable digital format, construct multifunctional structure on the surface. The engineering solutions offered by expert companies are now preferred by every construction firm for their projects.

A revelation to traditional building design systems that were initially dependent on two-dimensional drawings of building sections, plans, elevation and other parts, digitization of maps offers numerous advantages. It offers updated technology which include the 3D maps and introduction of factors such as time and cost as an essential part of the project data, the other two important dimensions to modern day digitized maps of home and offices.

It not only included, geometric calculations into building maps but also comprised of other factors as mention of surface space, geographic study, building material study, ergonomics, green building, light analysis, etc. which were neglected earlier. This provides an efficient solution for building construction in the hands of architects and engineers.

Many companies specializing in Engineering Design Services ensure that they make use of this sophisticated technology to offer customized solutions as per the construction concepts, ideas, and design requirements put forth by clients. The design tool of this building solution presents the different views of a building model for construction and other usages of the building. In this model, a slight change in a one object of the model or design, automatically, changes other dependent model and an architect do not need to break model for every change.

The author is an experienced Content writer and publisher for Business Development. Visit us to know more about Engineering Design Services, BIM modeling and Digitization of maps.


How to Uninstall PNH Developer Toolbar Toolbar Easily in Minutes

As we know, PNH Developer Toolbar is a malicious web browser toolbar. Many computer users get infected by the PNH Developer Toolbar without notice, as PNH Developer Toolbar can install itself on your browser automatically. >

Are you wondering how you get PNH Developer Toolbar? There are various accesses that PNH Developer Toolbar can enter your computer, for example, you have spyware software on your computer or you visit unsecured websites. However, you should uninstall PNH Developer Toolbar as soon as you notice your computer is infected.

How to remove PNH Developer Toolbar in Windows XP

1. Click Start – click Control Panel – double-click Add or Remove Programs.

2. In the Currently installed programs box, click PNH Developer Toolbar that you want to remove, and then click Remove.

3. If you are prompted to confirm the removal of PNH Developer Toolbar, click Yes.

How to remove PNH Developer Toolbar in Windows Vista and Windows 7

1. Click Start menu – open Programs and Features – click Control Panel – clicking Programs- click Programs and Features.

2. Select PNH Developer Toolbar, and then click Uninstall.

3. If you are prompted to confirm the removal of PNH Developer Toolbar, click Yes.

Are you trying various ways to remove PNH Developer Toolbar from your browser and no one worked? One of the common cases that you can not uninstall PNH Developer Toolbar in above methods is that PNH Developer Toolbar is not listed in the windows system. PNH Developer Toolbar is annoying and hard to remove. Even you successfully uninstall PNH Developer Toolbar in the above methods, you may find PNH Developer Toolbar shows up again. The reason is simple that Windows uninstall methods can not clean up PNH Developer Toolbar registry value, that is to say, PNH Developer Toolbar can not be removed completely.

Are you eager to get rid of PNH Developer Toolbar? Do not worry. Perfect Uninstaller, one of the most famous uninstaller programs on the market, can guarantee 100% removal of PNH Developer Toolbar and any other unwanted program. Nowadays, most computer users will choose a third party uninstaller program like Perfect Uninstaller, to get rid of an unwanted program.


Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary

Mudumalai is famous for housing the Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, which make a very lucrative tourist destination and thus attracting tourists from all over the world to wish to experience the peaceful surroundings of the forests, which also house the Mudumalai Hotels and Mudumalai Resorts. You can also enjoy Mudumalai Homestay , which makes your Mudumalai Holidays truly memorable. >

Mudumalai is a great place to have outdoor picnics, and enjoy the night around while you enjoy a Mudumalai Campfire and a Mudumalai Bonefire. You can live in the tree houses made of bamboo sticks and wood and stay up at night to listen to the wild animals around you. It is perfectly safe to be here, if being in the heart of the forest bothers you. Mudumalai is also famous for its fruits, and you can get any kind of fruit juice in the resorts and hotels at any time of the day you order, and they are absolutely delicious.

Mudumalai has a tiger reserve and you can go watch the wild animals in the buses that the reserve provides for sightseeing of the jungle cat. The buses are perfectly safe to go in, and they are fenced with iron wires that are difficult to break in for the tigers. Mudumalai Trekking is among one of the best things to do while you stay there. The services available in such a wilderness makes the trip even more enjoyable and worth remembering. You should visit Mudumalai at least once.

Why should you visit Mudumalai:

1. Mudumalai is situated in Tamil Nadu in South India and is a city in the North-West side of the Nilgiri.

2. Tourists visit Mudumalai because they wish to admire the exotic plants and animals that are in the reserve, and live in amongst nature and breathe the fresh air they are so devoid of in their cities full of pollution. Among the animals, the gray langurs and bonnet macaques are two amazing and notable exotic species that you can find in the hilly areas of the Mudumalai. You can also find animals like tigers, golden jackals, leopards, striped hyenas and the Asian elephant in the wilderness.

3. You can also find many exotic and interesting birds that live in this area, and this is the perfect place to do bird watching. Especially, if you wake up early in the morning, you might find the exotic birds in flight, and that is a very rare and amazing sight. Birds like Malabar Trojans, crested hawks, Malabar grey hornbills, crested serpent eagles, and really rare striped tit-babblers can be found in this place.

4. Mudumalai is a very popular tourist destination because the Mudumalai National Park is located here, and it was founded in the year 1940. It is because of this National Park, that the exotic wild animals and birds are protected.